The highest exporter of shark Indonesia supplied approximately 15% of the total needs of the world shark fins, while other countries only around 1% (Stevens et al., 2000). The Central Statistics Agency (BPS) recorded about 434 tons of shark fins are exported throughout 2012. The trade value reached US $ 6 million to reach Rp 57 billion.
global shark populations experiencing a drastic decline due to overfishing for their fins and taken for consumption purposes. In 2012, it is estimated as many as 100 million sharks are caught, mostly just taken their fins alone. It is estimated that every year, Indonesia exported 100 thousand tons of shark fins, or about 15% of the world market demand (Traffic, 2013).